تقييم برامج استصلاح الاارضي في الضفة الغربية لعام 2005_2006 Evaluation for the land reclamation programmers in the West Bank Implemented during the period 2005-2006

Date
2012-10-05
Authors
علي عبد الحافظ علي علقم
ali abd al hafez ali alkam
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
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Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
Abstract: This study was conducted by the researcher between September 2011 and February 2012. (12) localities in five districts were surveyed. The main objective of the study is to evaluate and establish socio-economic indicators on land reclamation projects implemented by the MOA and different local NGOs over 2005-2006.Indeed the said projects were completely funde by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) as part of its local programme Participatory Natural Resources Management Programme (PNRMP). The adopted research methodology includes conducting the following: semi structured interviews with seven representatives of the implementing organization, and a structured questionnaire administered to a random sample of 158 beneficiary farmers. For this purpose an interview guide and a questionnaire were prepared tested, reviewed and approved by experts in this field. These tools included questions about the obstacles and constraints facing the land reclamation and the impact of these programs on the socioeconomic status of beneficiaries. The obtained data were analyzed using the computer software “Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Results showed that the implementing organization worked under clear goals and plans in all stages of their projects cycle. All related stakeholders participated in the project implementation phases. Most organizations did not update their data on the Agricultural Projects Information System (APIS), leaving decision makers with insufficient information about land reclamation. Most oriented interview did not follow up projects after handing to farmers. Beneficiaries were more satisfied with direct implementation of land reclamation, 87.3% of the interviewed farmers indicated that intercropping increased the income of beneficiaries by 17.8%, and contributed to shortening the payback period of the cost of land reclamation. Land reclamation increased women participation in farming they contribute by 32% of the family work in the reclaimed land. Land reclamation had also positive impact in improving the opportunities for farmers' collective work and helped in powering them vis-a-vis their communities. Based on these results the study suggests further strengthening extension service as provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, beyond the period of implementation for a minimum of five years. Construction of agricultural roads should be an integral part of land reclamation projects. Sharing of success stories between farmers and involving beneficiaries in discussion and collective events will increase the impact of land reclamation. Organizations working on land reclamation should have consistent and unified system of managing projects, the strategy of direct implementation by farmers should be adopted to minimize costs and create more job opportunities for farmers. And finally, updating APIS is very important to inform decision makers and coordinate work
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Keywords
الارشاد الزراعي , Agriculture Extension
Citation