دراسة حول العلاقة بين ظاهرة عمالة الاطفال للفئة العمرية بين10-15سنة والصحة النفسية لهم في محافظة بيت لحم A study on the relationship between the phenomenon of child labor between the ages of 10-15 years and psychological health in Bethlehem governorate

Date
2008-02-16
Authors
فاتن اميل نقولا نصرالله
Faten Emile Nicola NassrAllah
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
This Study aimed at exploring the relationship between child labour phenomenon for the ages of 10 to 15 year olds, and their mental health in Bethlehem district. The study tackled several areas of mental health such as: self esteem, adjustment tactics, anxiety, and future aspiration. The concerned study section consisted of working children, and non working children who attend schools. The study sample was an intentional one, which consisted of eighty children, whereas the main or experimental sample consisted of forty working children who did not attend school and are currently working in factories, markets, industrial areas, and bakeries as workers or sellers. The secondary or control sample however consisted of forty non working children who attended schools. Study dependent variables were: sex, age, place of living, school attendance, child's academic level, number of working years, payment, kind of work, number of family members, father's and mother's academic level, father's and mother's profession. Study independent variables were: self esteem, adjustment tactics, anxiety, and future aspiration. The study focused on three main domains: What is the level of the mental health (conception of their self esteem, adjustment tactics, and anxiety) of the working and non working children between the ages of 10 to 15 year olds in Bethlehem district according to their opinions. Is the mental health level of working children between the ages of 10 to 15 year olds in Bethlehem district related to the difference in child age, place of living, academic level, number of working years, kind of work, payment, number of family members, father's and mother's academic level, father's and mother's profession? Eleven hypothesis's emerged from this matter in accordance with the above mentioned variables. What are the aspirations of the working and non working children towards the future and what are their whishes and future plans? The study used the analytic descriptive model. And the study tool was a questionnaire which was used during the individual meetings with the children. The data was analyzed using the statistical program for social sciences (SPSS).The most important results of the study were: The mental health level of working and non working children between the ages of 10 to 15 year olds in Bethlehem district was mediocre. And the mean was 2.611 on the total level for the two samples which consisted of eighty children. The self- esteem level for the non working children was high, and was higher than self esteem level of working children which was mediocre. The mean of self esteem level for the non working children was 3.010, while the mean of self esteem level of working children was 2.611. There was no relationship between the mental health level for the working children and the independent variables, except for place of living. The results showed that the differences were between the children from cities and children from refugee camps, and children from cities and children from villages Children from cities have more self-esteem, more adjustment, and less anxiety. According to the study results, the most important recommendations were: In order to give children an opportunity for physical, mental, social, and psychological growth and development, institute Palestinian laws and legislations to prevent child labour under the age of 18. To ensure and to implement a well studied national plan from the Palestinian government, and all the public and private institutions in order to face poverty in the Palestinian authority territories and Gaza strip, because poverty was one of the main reasons that pushed children into labour. The concerned authorities - institution should provide a comprehensive system of health insurance, social security, and fixed monthly income, for unemployed families, or for the handicapped, or for the sick, or the death of the father
Description
Keywords
الصحة النفسية المجتمعية, Community Mental Health
Citation