## تنزيه الله في ذاته وصفاته في شرح ابن أبي الحديد المعتزلي لكتاب نهج البلاغة

2019-01-14
##### Authors
محمد عبد المجيد خليل كواملة
This thesis aims at discussing the position of Abd Al-Hamid Ibn Hibatullah Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed Al-Mua'tazili (d. 656 AH) regarding the Transcendence of God, in his interpretation of Nahj Al-Balagha, which is a collection of sermons, letters and wisdoms attributed to the Caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib. It should be noted that they were collected in Nahj Al-Balagha by Al-Sharif Al- Rida (d. 406 AH) There is a dialectical relation between Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed and this book. It's clear that wherever Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed is mentioned, his interpretation of Nahj Al-Balagha is mentioned as the most important. Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed mentioned that he explained Nahj Al-Balagha as per the request of Mu’ayyad Al-Din Al-Alqami (d. 656 AH), who was a vizier for Al-Mustasim Billah, the last of the Abbasid Caliphs. Even the fact that Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed is one of the scholars of kalam, still his contribution to kalam in Nahj Al-Balagha was not discussed independently by researchers. Therefore, Nahj Al-Balagha didn't get the deserved Philosophical study. So, I decided to direct my research to introducing the approach of Ibn Abi Al-Haded to the Transcendence of God, through what he wrote in his book Sharh Nahj Al-Balagha. This research consists of an introduction , four chapters and a conclusion. The introduction: I mentioned the importance of the reseach and its goals and my methodology, and I also menthined that there is a proplematic controversy that the Islamic sects have regarding the Transcendence of God when they interpret the Qur’an. Chapter one: Introduces Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed Al-Mua'tazili, the book of Nahj Al-Balagha and Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed’s kalam opinions. Chapter Two: It includes the philosophy of Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed on God's Transcendence within monotheism. I talk about transcendence of the divine self in its existence and perception also, the Transcendence of God in being Eternal and Everlasting. Chapter three : It includes affirming God's Transcendence through negating associating Him with place and direction, observability through seeing and corporeality, and incarnation and unification with creation. Chapter Four: It includes a comparative analysis of Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed’s perspectives on Kalam in contrast to other philosophers, especially Aristotle’s philosophy and that of Imam Al-Ghazali. This chapter is divided into three parts: The first one is about proving the existence of God, the second deals with His attributes and their relation to the His essence, and finally, the issue of the first cause of universe and it's relation to the substance of existence. Conclusion: It includes the most important results I reached in my research in the philosophy of Ibn Abi Al-Hadeed on the Transcendence of God.