دور تلفزيون فلسطين في تعزيز الثقافة السياسية من وجهة نظر خريجي الجامعات الفلسطينية في محافظة رام الله والبيرة في الفترة ما بين 2010 -2016
حسن ربحي حسن أبو الرب
Hasan Ribhe Hasan Abu Alrub
This study was conducted between the months of April and August 2016-2017. The population of the study was represented by Palestinian college graduates between 2010- 2016, in Ramallah governorate. For the purposes of achieving the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was designed to identify the role of Palestine TV in promoting political culture from the viewpoint of university graduates in Ramallah governorate, between 2010-2016, and to identify the role of Palestine TV in promoting political reference and orientation of the people towards public activities, the political system and towards promoting the sense of identity. The aim of this effort is to investment the outcome of the study in reaching the best results that reflects on the performance of the staff working in Palestine TV. The study has used the descriptive and the analytical methods in conducting its research. This study consists of six chapters. The first chapter covers the background of the study and includes: the introduction, the problem of the study, its validation, its importance, its objectives, its questions, its hypotheses, its variables, and the previous literature. The second chapter covers the theoretical framework and includes: a presentation on the nature of media, the definition of the media concept, types of media, and the concept of the political culture, its patterns, components and functions. The third chapter dealt with the General Corporation of Palestinian Radio and Television. The fourth chapter contains the methodology and procedures of the study, and the fifth chapter includes the presentation and discussion of the results, and chapter six contains the conclusions and recommendations conclusions. The importance of the study is that it examines the role of Palestine TV in promoting political culture in light of the political and field changes that the Palestinians are facing as a result of the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian land, on the one hand, and the Palestinian diplomatic moves in the international sphere on the other hand, namely, acquiring the observer status for Palestine in the United Nations General Assembly, the raising of the Palestinian flag at United Nations Headquarters in New York, and the acceptance of Palestine to the membership of United Nations organizations. The researcher designed a questionnaire as the research tool, to be distributed among the Palestinian universities’ graduates in the governorate of Ramallah _El-Bireh, in Palestinian, in years between 2010 and 2016. The questionnaire adjudication was conducted; and its validity and consistency were examined through internal consistency (Kronbach Alpha), and through Statistical Analysis Program (SPSS), Excel program, Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient, Analysis of variance (ANOVA), and T-test. The most important findings of the study is that Palestine TV, in the period between 2010 – 2016, has effects, in varying degrees, on the Palestinian universities’ graduates, concerning their sense of Palestinian identity, voluntary work, and their orientation towards the political system and public work. The results also showed that Palestine TV strengthens the public political referential. That was clear in the responses to the paragraph in the questionnaire which states that (Palestine TV highlights the political symbols), where it came in the first ranking by 87.6%, while the paragraph that states that (Palestine TV covers all the activities related to Palestinian organizations without discrimination) was the lowest paragraphs by 60.8%. In light of the results of the study, a number of recommendations were presented, most important of which are: the creation of a wide area for different opinions, opening the door to all members of different orientations and affiliations, covering the activities of factions without discrimination, focusing on historical national programs, organizing television seminars on volunteering and community participation. Raise people’s awareness about the danger of division on the Palestinian cause; and increase the cultural programs that enhance national memory and keep it alert and sustainable.
القانون , Law