دور الحزب الشيوعي في الولايات المُتحدة خلال الكساد العظيم في الثلاثينيات The Role of the Communist Party in the United States during the Great Depression in 1930s

Date
2015-06-17
Authors
ناصر احمد نصر القاضي
Nasser Ahmad Nasr Alqaddi
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Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
The study examines the role of Communist Party at U.S. arena in the thirties of the 20th century. Thirties epoch is a prominent in the U.S. history which was a well-known decade called (The Great Depression) when the American people had lived under harshest economic and social conditions, even lived the political instability because of the Stock Market Crash at the end of 1929. The American people felt whether because of the government's inability to confront the crisis at the beginning or because of tensions in the social fabric that caused by the inflation of unemployment rate, crime, racism against blacks, and the ascendance of radicalism in its different factions that had taken its positions at U.S. political arena in order to play its role as a substitute of the government's disablement in an attempt to find solutions for the deteriorated situation. The crisis continued until the beginning of the WWII, through that American government tried to tackle the crisis through drafting several bills were ratified by Congress, the U.S. President Herbert Hoover who took the office between 1928-1932 couldn't find a suitable bill to overcome the American people's crisis despite his strenuous attempts that one of them appeared through the comprehensive voluntarism project for providing an opportunity of equal wages. The American people entered a new episode of this conflict when the U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt took the office hoping he will find a radical solution for the crisis unlike his predecessor. Undoubtedly and even weren't sustainable solutions, the President Roosevelt shaped an important decisions mitigated the flames of the crisis, and the pain of American people. The a well-known New Deal to the public and other laws through the Roosevelt's presidency had given the Americans a hope of promising future toward overcome the Depression, however, in fact, the crisis continued despite these attempts. This study highlights what was going on at the political arena through this era, where radical groups that belong to several backgrounds started to rise and mobilize its power to sweep the American society in order for winning its endorsement. One of the most prominent groups was the Communist Party and its Marxist revolutionary ideology, was established by a cleavage in Socialist Party occurred in 1919. So, the Party had been within a complicated experience because of the interior cleavages throughout the twenties decade, however, according to official orders from the Communist International, the Communist Party unified its rows after agreements and negotiations occurred sporadically to have become titled as the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA) in 1930. This study significantly explores the nature of relation between the Communist Party and the Communist International (Comintern), that was a Communist organization established in 1919 in the former USSR, its aim was revolutionary for unifying the efforts of the Communists in the world over to spread the message of Marxist ideology that aims to transfer the Bolshevik Revolution (Proletariat) abroad, in case the opportunity is available, and by any means legally was or illegally, so the CPUSA continued receiving the orders from this organization till was dissolved officially by Stalin in 1943.
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Keywords
الدراسات الاقليمية, Regional Studies
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