سورة النحل دارسة في دلالة البنيتين: الصرفية والنحوية
خديجة محمود علي ابو عامرية
Khadegah Mahmoud Ali Abu Amryah
This study addressed the significance of morphological and grammatical structure at „AlNahel‟ verse. Its aim was to highlight the significance and disclosure of the hidden meanings of morphological and grammatical structure which was posed. This research tried to clarify the hidden reasons of using a special grammatical structure, or replacing a particular morphological formula instead of the other. It was required to use the descriptive, analytical and statistical curricula. The researcher developed a linguistic and idiomatic definition for the morphological or grammatical term that the study here is discussing, and the most related thing to it. Then the reader was shown how often it is mentioned in this verse. Then moving to the stage of analysis and application, after that, the Quran evidences were appeared and explained briefly in order to show the different clues of this definition or that case. This research consisted of two chapters: the first was about the morphological study, while the first section of this chapter discussed the infinitive verbs and the added ones, the second section talked about the implications of sources, derivations and plurals. The grammatical study was appeared in the second chapter, its first part showed the implications of the informative sentence, and the second discussed the thematic sentence clues,the third and final part talked about “the rubbish sentence”: customization, dependency and the addition. The conclusion included the main results and recommendations: the most clear was the morphological effect: It showed that the infinitive verbs and their sources are more common than the added and their sources. As this „Verse‟ the topic of this research is Meccan –related to the city of Mecca- where the pure meaning -in this society – is the origin, humans also trends naturally towards simplicity and impartiality, unless it is compelled to gravity and increase. Participles also emerged to show mainly - the constancy. Moreover, this study appeared the Quran accuracy in choosing the type of the plural that suits the situation and the context. ز At the grammatical study: there was about 66% verbal sentences, 44% past and 60% present, in reference to the congestion of the phenomena that leads to modernization and continuation. Then came the demand which was in question, command and negative form, then changed from the original meaning to negative, denial , rebuke and threat meanings, and from the non- command, which showed a high level of ingratitude of the unbelievers. The general recommendations called for measuring the Arab grammar with what we have in the Holly Quran, and not vice verse, while the special one showed that it is essential to have a linguistic study for every scientific phenomena shows the Almighty God power in this verse “Al- Nahel”.
اللغة العربية وآدابها , Arabic Language & literature