اليسار الفلسطيني بعد اوسلو The Palestinian left after Oslo

Date
2006-06-11
Authors
حياة رمضان علي عياد
Hayat Ramadan ALi Ayyad
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Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
The study that we have at hand, “The Palestinian Left Movements after Oslo” aims at making the researchers and the concerned aware of the reality of these movements that have played, since their establishment, an important, effective and distinguished role in the political, struggle and social activities of the whole Palestinian national movement. These days, however, the Left movements face a real crisis that has negatively affected the reality of both the National and the Palestinian society. This crisis has made them move back many steps and caused a political and social confusion in the Palestinian society. The study is also an attempt to analyze the reality of the Palestinian Left movements at a significant and serious juncture, the Oslo and the post-Oslo stage, in the life and history of the Palestinian people. The study focuses on the roles of three main left movements, namely: The Palestinian People’s Party (which is an extension of the Palestinian Communist Party), the Popular Front of the Liberation of Palestine and the Democratic Front of the Liberation of Palestine. The study also attempts to answer a number of questions in four chapters. The first chapter focuses on the rise of the “Palestinian Left Movements” by discussing the rise of the above mentioned factions and their various struggle stages. The second chapter focuses on the “Attitude and Roles of the Palestinian Left Movements”. It discusses the reality in which the Left movements lived before and after signing the Oslo agreement. Then it presents the positions and the roles of the Left movements in four important issues: the Peace Process, the Palestinian National Authority, the means of resistance and their relationships with the Palestinian masses. The third chapter focuses on “the Crisis of the Palestinian Left Movements and its Causes”. It discusses this crisis and its objective, intellectual, organizational, political and social causes and their reflections on the three mentioned Leftist powers. The fourth chapter focuses on “the Future and the Desired Roles of the Palestinian Left Movements”. It discusses the future of the Left movements as seen by analysts, observers and the concerned. It also discusses the attempts made to unificate these movements, their renaissance requirements and the desired roles that they must play. The study has reached some important results. The Palestinian Left Movements suffer from a real crisis that made them lose their effective and initiative roles, especially after the signing of the Oslo agreement and the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority. Moreover, the Left movements did not take advantage of the transition that has occurred in the Palestinian National Movement and did not deal with the important results of this transition. This matter has deepened the crisis and even made it worse. The most important recommendations of the thesis are: the Palestinian Left movements must recognize and understand the crisis, as this is the only way to emerge from it. In addition, they must work hard to unify their powers, reorganize their ranks and reconsider the realism of their intellectual doctrines, their relationships with the masses and the vitality of their political and social agenda
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Keywords
الدراسات الاقليمية, Regional Studies
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