الإمكانات والفجوات في الأمن الغذائي في الضفة الغربية من وجهة نظر المؤسسات الحكومية والأهلية العاملة في المجال الزراعي
عبير عودة الله محمد الحميدات
abeer odahtallah moahamd alhmedat
This study aimed to Know the potential and gaps in food security in the West Bank from the perspective of governmental and private institutions working in the agricultural field. The Population of study consisted all the employees who are working in the governmental and private agricultural sector and their number around 1500 in west bank , and the sample of study consist 100 of them. Of the justifications for choosing this subject is the tendency to follow up the new topics that standup on many of successive developments and transformations. Especially in front of the challenges that imposed by the economic situation to serve the interests of development, and the desire to identify the facts of food security because of its serious and dangerous implications on the economic and social development. To achieve this goal the study followed descriptive statistical method and Indicative statistical method to reach the desired results, The study tended to use the descriptive method to describe some indicators of the Palestinian economy and the size of the food aid that are introduced to the Palestinian lands during twenty five years 1988 – 2013, the researcher use the questionnaire as a tool to reach to many facts about the food security, she use also the interview method. The questionnaire consists sixty paragraphs that are distributed to four parts: the ability to solve the food problem, the rule of the national institutions in solving the food problem, the rule of the governmental institutions in solving the food problem, the rule of the external assistance in solving the food problem. And to ensure the stability of the study tool, it was used the Cronbach's Alpha formula, The value of the stability rate was ( 0.97) and it's a high value that meets the study objectives. To achieve the aims of study and answer it's questions, the researcher used The following statistical analyzes: Cornbach's Alpha formula to ensure the stability of the study tool and Pearson correlation coefficient to verify the veracity of the study instrument. The results of the study indicate that the food security is a social phenomenon with multidimensional, so it's necessary to study it from this side, and it is a political process that in it involving the state and the citizen. And there is a group of resources and agricultural energies are not exploited until now, and there is a clear failure in the level of agriculture and technological services and a lack of the investment financial allocations and the human resources. The study recommended with several recommendations To activate the public and private investments in agriculture field. To Make a strategies and tools to avoid the riskiness and to manage it, and to increase the chances of making them available for the farmers. The adaptation with the climate change. To develop the investment environment in agriculture sector. To increase the attention with the agriculture research and to provide the necessary funding to improve the agriculture centers.
بناء المؤسسات والتنمية البشرية , Institutional Building & Human Res. Dev.