دور وسائل الاعلام الامريكية في تعزيز مفهوم الاسلاموفوبيا
وسام عادل نايف لوباني
wesam adel nayef loubani
After 9/11 Attacks, Americans held extremely negative and wrong perceptions of Islam and Muslims because of US media intervention. This descriptive research aims to demonstrate the powerful negative role of US mass media in shaping such perceptions and the implied conspiracy behind them, hoping to give a better understanding of Islam. This investigation, using a wide range of primary sources, proved that since the events, US mass media have been using well managed rhetorical strategies intentionally to create an effective but pejorative coverage of Islam and Muslims. This coverage had a great impact on the American views and their attitudes towards Muslims. The dominant negative representation, compared to the rare positive portrayals, proved to be under several external influences, while the purpose was mainly to serve political agendas of American policy A gradual increase in animosity thereafter was due to a shift away from this framing, especially by right-leaning talking heads. In 2006 the framing of right-leaning media shifted again, toward nativism. This analysis illustrates the influence of media framing and suggests opinion-makers should choose their frames with care. This research aims to indicate to the deep relationship between the negative coverage of Islam and the changing of American public opinion , and also it gives explanation about the media and its effects and impacts on American public opinions about Islam. This research gives more details about the discrimination that American-Muslims are facing, at work, at home and at public places, and also record the violations against American –Muslims. The ramifications of the attacks of September 11, 2001 are felt throughout the United States. However, no minority community is as deeply affected as the American-Muslim minority. Since the attacks on the World Trade Center, Muslims residing in the United States have experienced violations of economic and political liberties, as well as ongoing social discrimination. Media stereotypes and government legislation continually exacerbate these human rights abuses and entrench institutional, social, and economic discrimination deeper in American society.
الدراسات الاقليمية , Regional Studies