مستقبل النظام الإقليمي العربي على ضوء المتغيرات الإقليمية والدولية: 1990-2012م
هدى نعمان عبد عليان
Huda naman abd elyyan
The study focuses on the future of the Arab regional regime during the period 1990- 2012 in the light of regional and international changes. The statement of the study is finding out the future of the Arab regional regime according to the regional and international changes that affected the structure of this regime, and tries to look up the future of this regime and its effectiveness up on the continuum of the Arab psychological formation unity in the unity of hope, ambition and aims. The study aims at clarifying the rule of Arab regional regime organizations in facing the internal and external challenges. The study also aims at clarifying opinions of the Arab regional regime to several regional and international matters such as the Second and Third Gulf Wars, negotiation between Israel and Arabs, regional and international projects as the Middle East project, the middle project, Euro-Middle Project, the Israeli attack on Lebanon and Gaza, and explaining effects of Arab revolutions on the future of Arab regional regime. The study used the historical method and the descriptive method. The study concluded that interfacial interactions to the Arab regional regime exposed to abatement and strong retreat, and they were mostly conflict interactions that increased division between Arabs and made Arab solidarity lose its essence especially when the Arab collective work came to the lowest level after the crisis of the Gulf Second. Also, the study concluded that the absence of economic and political reformations in Arab countries had led to occurrence of opposite popular motions which typified in some demonstrations and revolutions against the ruling regimes in this regime, and that caused several regimes to collapse as what happened in Tunis, Egypt Libya and what is going on now in Syria. These revolutions forced other Arab governments in other countries to make internal reformations fearing of new revolution against them, as what is happening now in Saudi Arabia and other countries. The study also concluded that those revolutions have succeeded in impairing principle of excessive real among Arab people. So, the desperate and subdued Arabic citizen has been no longer existent, and he became a rejecter to subservience. These revolutions have also activated and the role of the Arab States League and made it strong after it was non-effective and tottering organization. The happened change in the Arab States League became clear through its opinion in the Libyan and Syrian revolutions, and its supporting to these revolutions. The study recommended making a plenty of real, internal, economic and political reformations beginning from every Arab country to include all the units of the Arab regime. In addition, these needed political reformations require improving and reforming relationships between the ruler and people. That means all community and people parties should participate in the political process through transparent elections. This thing will help preventing western pretexts to interfere in Arab issues claiming of protecting human rights and minorities’ rights, who live bad conditions in some Arab countries, and reforming the bad conditions in Arab countries. The study also recommended developing and reforming organizations of the Arab regime, treating and solving problems of these organizations through being conformed to their resolutions and improving their covenants, activating the role of the general secretary of the Arab States League and giving him more influence and expanding the popular participation in this league through civil community organizations in order to pave the way for setting up popular organizations on the national level. The study also recommended through what preceeded, we conclude that the Arab Countries were –and still- and will be a spot of greedy for the other countries due to the advantages they have as the economical and natural wealth, the strategic situation for the other countries. Throught looking again to the period between (1990-2012), we can find the Arab regime’s attempts to fight these greedies are not satisfied enough specially the economic and security issues. The study also recommends in setting up new links of cooperation between the Arab countries and the other great countries in the world such as countries of the European Union, Japan, China and Turkey, which may impair the control of the only power in the region “United States’’ on the Arab region.
الدراسات الاقليمية , Regional Studies