فن القصص في صحيح الحديث النبوي الشريف(دراسة تحليلية) the art of the narrative technique in the Prophet's Hadith (sayings).

Date
2007-05-10
Authors
محمد نعيم عبد اللطيف أسعد الزربا
Mohammad Naeem Abdullatif Al-Zurba
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Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Mohammad, the Imam of scholars and Allah' s messengers, as well as upon those who follow him till the Day of Judgment. This research investigates the art of the narrative technique in the Prophet's Hadith (sayings). It analyzes it literary and addresses its artistic characteristics. It, further, draws on the elements of the narrative, its artistic structure and how they are related to Islamic values in a way that it conveys the message assigned to it. Throughout the whole research, the researcher found no comprehensive studies on the topic of the Hadith narrative similar to those performed on the narratives of the Holy Qur',an , with artistic and literary analysis . Despite the fact that there are some publications like Al-Bayan AlMohammadi ( The Prophet Eloquence ) and Al-Tassweer Al- Fanni Fi AlHadith Al-Nabawi ( Artistic Picturing in Hadith ), yet these books are of less significance in terms the artistic and literary aspects of the Hadith narrative. The researcher followed the analytical method in throughout the study. He examined the approved Hadiths and classified them in terms of their subjects. He introduceds each narrative and studies artistically and literarily. He also studied those aspects that reveal its creativity and the art characterizing it. He explained how the art of the narrative serves the legislative, educational and instructional aspects of the message of the Prophet . In this context, it is clear that the Hadith narrative has a start, a sequence and of the events and an end which are implied within it , despite the length of its words , their number and the space they cover . It should be pointed out that these are different from those of modern narrative . The study findings can be summarized in the following: 1- The subject and its characteristics : The subject or the message of the narrative is a core element in it; it is its spirit and source of life. 2- Realism and truthfulness : Realism here means that the Hadith narrative doesn' t opt for imagination and fancy in selecting its subject. 27 It also means that the Hadith narrative thoroughly describes the human reality including the good and evil sides. In summary, the study revealed that the Hadith narrative is creative in its method and objectives. This is because it is the words of the Prophet who is the most eloquent among humanity. Further, the Hadith narrative is thematic in its approach to direct both the heart and brain to do the good for the benefit of the individual and the society, all this is performed in a high elevated literary style .
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Keywords
اللغة العربية وآدابها, Arabic Language & literature
Citation