المبادرات العربية لتسوية القضية الفلسطينية (1973-2002)
هيام احمد حسين جفال
Hiam Ahmad Hussien Jafal
This study focused on the Arab political inatialves concerning the Arab Israel since 1973-2002. After that war of Ramadan 1973, different projects concerning setting the Arab Israel: conflict were presented especially the international security resolution 338 that confirmed the former resolution 242 after that the Arab world witnessed fas summit in which PLD has been recognized as the only representative of the Palestinian people. And finally in 2002 the Arab summit conference was held in Beirut, and the Arab states have accepted the initiative of the Saudi prince Abdullah Bin Abedalaziz Al Saud to be as later known the Arab imitative for settling the Palestinian issue. The study reveals the recent increasing debate about the Arab initiatives that has been affirmed in the arab summit conference in berut in 2002, and the reasonable potential for this initiative to ply a crucial role in finding a reconciliation for the Arab – Israeli conflict especially after the failure of all efforts to put an end to this conflict. To resaech used the historical approach in which in all Arab initiatives will be studied since 1973, and the international community standings behind these initiatives through analyzing a related historical documents. The study uses the comparative method as well in discussing these initiatives. The study is composed of four sections. The first part focused on the background and its importance. The second is about the Palestinian Israel conflict and the international interference the third part is about the must important Arab initiatives concerning the Palestinian issue since 1973 to 2002. while the last section is about the last initiative that has been presented by the Saudi prince abd ullah in 2002. The conclusion of the study implies that all Arab peace initiatives were almost similar, and the only difference were in the individuals or the persons who present such an initiatives the weakness of these initiatives was the lack of insestance and pursuance form the Arab states on one hard and the Israeli rejection one the other hard. From the other side, the American attitudes that support the Israelis position twords the Arab peace initiatives, have put on obslicles in the way of success for these initiatives, have put on obslicles in the way of success for these initatives, American and most of time the American interference contributed to weaken these initiative. Israel and United States strove to impose new facts before only peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian people and the last example was the promise of bush that cancels the right of Palestinian refugees of returning back home art and leanes the major settlements in the west band regardless to the results of the negotiations. The study recommends the Palestinian leadership to hang on to the Palestinian national rights and to insisking on the Arab ileac inactive and never give up any of its items not negotiations an any basis that contradict what the Arab peace initiative implies, and never accept any temporary reconcitaion projects that postpone the Loa sic conflict issues.
الدراسات الاقليمية , Regional Studies