النظم القرآني عند السهيلي من خلال كتابه: نتائج الفكر في النحو (دراسة تحليليّة دلاليّة)
غدير ربحي حسين حميدان
Ghadir Ribhi Husein Hmeidan
The study aimed to study the Quran versifying (581 H) through the book of Suhaili “Nateg Alfikr fi Alnahw”. This book denoted to study philology, linguistic secrets and grammatical problems of the Arabic language. The linguistic sections in the book discuses the expressions and the structures and connects them with their meanings leading to cover its all particular indications. Moreover, Suhaili did not leave any section without strengthen it with Quranic applications that clarify the concise meaning of Quran verses. The study used the historical and descriptive methods. Also, it followed the analytical and comparative methods. The study came to the following conclusions: Suhaili quoted a lot from the Quran verses; the verses quotation was dominant in his book. He didn't subject the Quran context to the rules of grammarians; he instead made it the origin. In dealing with the method of Quran, he didn't adopt the doctrine of other grammarians in the exegesis of the Quran context، or judge it exceptional. Also, he discussed the secret in mentioning certain letters in some positions in the Holy Quran and then omitting it. Then he clarified the secrets based on his belief that the Quran text is undisputed. Al-Suhaili explained the ambiguity in selecting some expressional synonyms and neglecting others. He clarified the Quran method in using particular denotations in synonym, a method not seen in any other book except the Holy Quran. Al-Suhaili explained that every structure has its own meaning; he founded the broad bases to study the Quran meanings away from the abstract structural study used by modern methodological studies and other semantics sciences. In addition he compared the text of the Quran with another text to explain the semantic difference between them which is a method followed in many modern and contemporary studies of the Quran. Al Shuaili paid much attention the importance of the semantic development, and he expressed it in the idiom of “origin of words” in languages and semantics study in particular, since meaning precedes words and represents a thorough construction while words or speech is just a surface construction. The study recommends of the necessity of considering the book of Nateg alfikr fi alnahw a source or all the grammatical, syntactic and phonetics levels. That’s because, this book included all the linguistics levels. It also recommends unifying the semantic and syntactic idioms through unified dictionaries that include all what the ancient Arabs said and what is said in the modern curriculum.
اللغة العربية وآدابها , Arabic Language & literature