تعاظم دور الجماعات السلفية الجهادية في ظل ثورات الربيع العربي The intensification of the role of Salafi Jihadist groups in light of the Arab Spring revolutions

Date
2016-05-21
Authors
انور رجب محمود خليل
Anwar rajab mahmoud khalil
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Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
This study aims to explore the phenomenon of the Salafi Jihadist groups, especially after the so-called Arab Spring which broke out at the end of 2010 and the beginning of 2011. The study seeks to explore the groups' achieved success making use of the status of chaos and turmoil that prevailed after the fall of some Arab regimes. Especially that the increased risks of such success exceeded the local borders to gain a regional and international influence. The study attempts to answer the following question: Did the Arab Spring revolutions promote the increased spread of the Salafi Jihadist groups in the Arabic world? To answer this question and achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used the descriptive analytical approach to assess the phenomenon of the Jihadist groups; and the historical approach to outline the stages of their historical development. The study includes four chapters as well as an introduction and a conclusion. Chapter I deals with the general framework for the study. Chapter II tackles the theoretical framework and the previous literature. The chapter particularly addresses theoretical concepts related to the concept of the revolutions, the concept of Political Islam, and the Salafi concept. Chapter III explores the historical development of the Salafi Jihadist groups since the early 1970s until their rise during the Arab Spring revolutions. In this regard, the study discusses three forms of the Salafi groups in order to identify commonalities, similarities and differences among them. Chapter IV further explores the Salafi groups and Arab spring revolutions in terms of causes of revolutions, repercussions and implications, and similarities and differences. In this context, the study addresses the conditions that prevailed in the Arab world during the transitional phase, which has created a suitable environment for the growth and flourishing of these groups. It also looks at how differences and contradictions of regional and international policies have provided these groups with elements of steadfastness and expansion. Finally, the study provides a forward-looking vision for the future of these groups. The study has reached some conclusions; the main one is that transitional period realities in the countries of the Arab Spring have created suitable conditions which have helped the Salafi Jihadist groups to rise and grow fast. The second conclusion is that a comprehensive strategy is needed to defeat these groups; such strategy should not rely only on the military and security aspects, but must also consider the ideological factor, as the ideology front is an important area to contradict the extremist rules and beliefs. The study also calls for reassessment of the behavior of the international community and its double standard policies in dealing with issues and crises of the region, and argues for the necessity of presenting real and applicable solutions for these crises. It particularly mentions the Palestinian cause, where the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian holy land is the main excuse for these groups to exist and to continue their activities
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Keywords
الدراسات الاقليمية, Regional Studies
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