تـقـــدم المفعـول به في القــرآن الكــــريم: دراسـة نحوية دلاليّة إحصائيّة
فراس عبد الهادي محمد عيسى
firas abed ah hadi mohamad issa
Praise be to Allah, peace and blessings be upon the noblest of creatures and messengers prophet Mohammed and his family and companions. The researcher has taken from the Koran a field and a framework for this study,” Moving forward of ” the object” rather than “the subject” in the Holy Quran” “A grammatical, evidentiary and statistical study." This study has brought together three levels: Firstly: The theoretical study of the object. Secondly: The applied study through extrapolation of the Koran, and the extract of the object that is used before the subject, in addition to a statement about the significance of that introduction, associated with the nature of the Quranic syntax. And the third level is: the counting of the objects and presenting them in tables showing the type of the object, the agent and the rhetorical purpose of this presentation. The study aims at highlighting the semantic side of the miraculous Quranic construction, through a survey of the effect of the preceding object, and the impact of the stating meanings resulted from that introduction in the Quranic language of construction. The most notable of which, was the competence, the importance and the consideration of the psychological feeling, in addition to limitation. In this study, the researcher adopted the descriptive and analytical approach. He also used the statistical approach. The researcher studied the object, and its place among the other objects, and its order in the Arabic sentence, and kept a track of the objects presented in the Qur'an. Then proceeded to analyze the nature of the linguistic structure, relying on Quranic interpretations that offered those verses, and showed the relationship between the linguistic construction and the miraculous semantic sense in the Quranic structure, With shedding light on the mysteries of the selecting a construction and refraining from another. The study came out with a set of results, the most important of which were: 1- A correlation between the Quranic Syntax and a miraculous semantic rhetorical sense, so the study of the Quranic text requires deep knowledge in Language Sciences, as well as significant capacity in Arabic, especially God's Words, so, placing the object before the subject always has great and big senses such as limitation and jurisdiction, and that is clearly demonstrated in the second chapter. The study also concluded that the Quranic use of language may tend to amend a certain structure of language to another for a certain meaningful purpose such as putting the object of a sentence in a place that is not according to the original order of the Arabic sentence. 2- The first to refer to moving forward of objects and delaying of subjects in a sentence was Khalil bin Ahmed Faraaheedi within his study of the structures. The scientists who came after Faraaheedi, have studied this subject, some of whom studied it in detail, some referred to it in the course of their words, and some studied aside of it without the rest of the aspects. 3- The first to search this subject detailing its themes, is Abdul Qaher Jerjani in his book" Signs of Miracles", and he is considered the first in talking about the predicate and the predicate ascribed because those who preceded him focused on the object’s preceding to its verb. 4- . Specialty, limitation and importance are considered the most obvious evidential meanings that are expressed through moving forward of the object in some of the verses of the Holy Quran. The researcher recommends studying the Quranic text depending on both the language and sciences of the Holy Koran, from one hand, and giving the Quranic context an important role on the other hand, so as to surpass the syntactic side of the verses of the Holy Quran, explore its real meanings and discover its miraculous nature.
اللغة العربية وآدابها , Arabic Language & literature