Application of the epuvalisation technology for the tertiary treatment of secondary treated effluents using geranium plant

dc.contributor.author Qurie, Mohannad
dc.contributor.author Daghra, Sabreen
dc.contributor.author Khamis, Mustafa
dc.contributor.author Kanan, Amer
dc.contributor.author Barghouthi, Zaher
dc.contributor.author Alimari, Abdallah
dc.contributor.author Karaman, Rafik
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-08T13:06:24Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-08T13:06:24Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-18
dc.description.abstract The effluent of secondary treatment process at Al-Quds University wastewater treatment plant was tertiary treated using an Epuvalisation technique in which geranium plants (Pelargonium hortorum) was employed as a treatment vehicle. The Epuvalisation system was installed in a greenhouse in which germanium was planted hydroponically in a closed-loop mode using secondary treated wastewater (TWW) and fresh water (FW) as a control. The water quality analysis results before and after the growing season of TWW showed a reduction of 23% and 41%, for BOD and COD, respectively. The electrical conductivity (EC) and total dissolved solids (TDS) for TWW demonstrated a reduction of 52% and 53%, respectively. Similar trend was observed for FW in which the reduction in EC and TDS were 48% and 49%, respectively. Furthermore, the percent reduction of the concentration of suspended solids, phosphate ions (PO4 −3), chloride ion (Cl−), total nitrogen (TN), and potassium ion (K+) in TWW were found to be 95%, 89%, 60% 98% and 59%, respectively. Plant growth parameters (plant height, fresh and dry weight, number of branches and flowers number) of geranium revealed no significant difference between irrigation with TWW and FW. The chemical plant analysis of roots, leaves, stems and flowers revealed no significant difference between hydroponic plantation in TWW and in FW. From these results it is safe to conclude that the Epuvalisation technique is a promising technique for advanced wastewater treatment using ornamental plants such as geranium due to its simplicity, low cost and easy use. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0570-1783
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.alquds.edu/handle/20.500.12213/5732
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Epuvalisation en_US
dc.subject Wastewater en_US
dc.subject Nutrients en_US
dc.subject Percentage removal en_US
dc.subject Secondary treatment en_US
dc.subject Geranium plants en_US
dc.title Application of the epuvalisation technology for the tertiary treatment of secondary treated effluents using geranium plant en_US
dc.type Article en_US
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