صفقات تبادل الأسرى الفلسطينية الإسرائيلية (صفقة 1985 – صفقة 2011)"دراسة مقارنة"
أسامة معين حمدي مرتجى
Osama Moaen Hamdi Mortaga
The aim of the study was to review the history of Palestinian-Israeli deals from 1968 to 2011, where tens of thousands of Palestinian prisoners were released from Israeli jails, either by peaceful means through peaceful negotiations, or by capturing Israeli soldiers in order to exchange them for Palestinian prisoners that Israel refuses to release under false pretenses. In this study, all regional political aspects and the salient findings for each deal have been identified, focusing on the 1985 and 2011 deals The study was based on the comparative study method, the descriptive analytical method and the historical approach by employing events and occurrences of the past to enrich it, and promote the related issues raised through it. The study comprised an introduction, five chapters and a conclusion. Chapter I dealt with the theoretical framework, the study plan, the main terminology used and highlighted the earlier studies. Chapter II dealt with a historical overview of the Captive National Movement in terms of formation and a review of the history of Palestinian-Israeli exchange deals. Chapter III dealt with an overview of the 1985 deal, known as the Galil deal, reviewed the local and regional environment that surrounded the deal, the main Palestinian, Israeli and Arab positions on the deal and the most notable results of the 1895 deal. Chapter IV dealt with an overview of the 2011 deal, known as the Shalit deal, reviewed the local and regional environment that surrounded the deal, the main international, Israeli and Arab positions on the deal and the main results of the 2011 deal. Finally, Chapter V dealt with the comparison between the Galilee and Shalit deals from all political, military and security aspects, and reviewed the key results and gaps that surrounded both the deals. The study also indicated that the issue of prisoners is a national consensus issue, and all factions are working by all peaceful and armed means to release Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. The study also showed that the Palestinian negotiator would be stronger if there was a popular foster and an armed foster that imposes its conditions on the table. As well as breaking many of the norms of Israeli prevention on the release of prisoners designated by Israel as blood on their hands or prisoners of Jerusalem and the 1948 Palestinians. The study concluded with many results, the most significant of which are: the Palestinian factions managed, despite all odds, to release a large group of prisoners whom Israel refuses to release, most of those who were freed in both the deals were leaders of the national and Islamic action, and that the Israeli occupier only understands the language of force to achieve the demands and issues of our Palestinian people. And that there is great popular unity about the issue of prisoners, despite the ultimate price that our people paid in return for holding the Israeli prisoners. Finally, the international community seriously acted because of the Israeli pressure to release the Israeli prisoners held by the Palestinian factions.