ادب الوفادة من الجاهلية الي نهاية العهد الاموي
فرج سعادة سعيد نعسان
Faraj Saadah Saeed Naasan
Many people see that objects die when their life elapse ; and every object is valid for a certain period and then becomes useless ,except the nations’ culture and its literature that does not vanish nor expire . Bur generation keep away from it. How do they do this while this culture is a product of generations and a conclusion of a history and a nation formulated by poets and speakers and put in it their feelings, senses and dreams. The study handled everything relevant to the delegations from Pre-Islam to the end of the Omayyad Era “ ; or in Chronology, as limited by the historians , it started from 200 years prior the prophetic message till 232 , the end of the Omayyad State . The study also handled selected models which were handled by study and analyses as examples. And the researcher stopped at the results which he reached as an outcome for this distinctive literary color . The research consisted of an introduction , preface , three chapters and a conclusion . The study shed light on this literary color as it has great importance in many fields. Hospitality represented the successful media in communication and contact between the tribes and individual alike in the Pre-Islamic Age, and between the Arab tribes and the Holly Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and his Orthodox Caliphs in the Islamic Age , and between different countries and regions and the caliph in the Omayyad Age . This study was not to be existing unless there were a group of justifications and objectives represented in an attempt of shedding light on the effect of this literary color in Islam and being affected by Islam; and in research on each Era with its artistic characteristic that distinguished it from other eras. The Islamic Age was different from the Islamic Age and both ages differed from the Omayyad Age as their place and time limits greatly affected this difference The researcher depended on the integral method. he took from several methods in accordance with the requirements of the study chapters. He adopted the historical and statistical method in chronologically following up the texts and the descriptive method in objectively studying them, and ethical and analytical method in artistically studying them. The researcher followed up the prose and poetic texts, and after he finished collecting such texts he arranged them according to their forms and causes following their surrounding conditions. Then he studied and analyzed these texts objectively and artistically. The study was concluded with many results the most of which are : Islam influenced in and was influenced clearly by literature; in addition that these 10 delegations were successful media embassies among states , tribes and individuals, conveying different views which express the attitudes of the delegation and the authority it represented on one hand , as well as whom the delegation met on the other hand ; because hospitality is a means of communication and contact among them . For this reason, the caliph , the governor or even the king was celebrating the delegation and hospitalizing him to show its importance as media means with great effect . The study was concluded with a group of recommendation , the most important of which was that Hospitality Literature represented a distinctive literary color , and it is a long subject with divisions that require more research , especially in the ages coming after the Era which the study handled.
اللغة العربية وآدابها , Arabic Language & literature