اتجاهات اللاجئين الفلسطينين في مخيمات محافظات غزة نحو حق العودة دراسة ميدانية
زينب خليل محمد عودة
Zainab Khalil Mohammad
of the study: Attitudes of Palestinian refugees in the camps of Gaza governorates towards the Right of Return This thesis covers the attitudes of Palestinian refugees in the camps of Gaza governorates towards the right of return. The research was carried out during March 2008. It used a sample of 600 refugees from the eight camps: Jabalya, Al-Shat e, Al_Nusairat. Al Buraij, Dair Al-Balah, Al-Maghazi, Khan Yunes, and Rafah. The total of refugees ,living in these camps, is 488,504, i.e., 47% of the refugees, registered by UNRWA, their total is 1,037,092 (2007. UNRWA). The research of the population includes all individuals ,who are 18 years or older and can express their attitudes towards the right of return. In her empirical research, the researcher used UNRWA s division of the eight camps. A proportionate increase in questionnaire is given to the more crowded blocks. The research aimes are to identify the attitudes of the refugees of the Gaza camps towards the right of return and the solutions proposed after 60 years of being refugees. The thesis also seeks to identify any link between their attitudes and some dem ographic changes in these camps. The focus is given to the camps of Gaza governorates ,which are considered the largest, and the most miserable, Palestinian gatherings. The refugees form about 67.7% of the population in Gaza. The scarcity of the surveys that tackle the attitudes of the Palestinian refugees in the camps towards the right of return was a motive to conduct this research. The research uses descriptive methodology. Within it, it uses the historic approach, survey approach, comparative approach and the correlation analysis. The researcher used a questionnaire to collect answers to the questions and the hypotheses of the research. She used a random sample according to proportionate distributions system. The sample consisted of 600 individuals from the eight camps of Gaza governorates. The people chosen from each camp were equally divided between men and women. The questionnaire was divided into six parts with 50 questions in total. The answer to a question uses a scale of five choices, ranging from I strongly agree to I strongly disagree . The researcher used SPSS programme to compile the answers and test the hypotheses of the research. Many statistical processes were applied, such as Pearson correlation, Spearman correlation, Alph Kron bacH correlation, repetitions, percentages K, averages, standard deviation, and T test, in order to identify the significance of the differences between two K groups and analyzing the one way ANOVA. The main conclusions of the research include:94.3% of the people surveyed agreed that the right of return is sacred and can not be given up. About 93.3% consider that the right of return is to historic Palestine with its known borders extending from the sea to the river .Nearly 84.5% rejected having a Palestinian state in Gaza and West Bank, with Jerusalem as its capital and in return giving up the right of return. Only 8.2% accepted this proposal. Also, 7.4% accepted the proposal that the return should be to a Palestinian state established in the West Bank and Gaza. This was opposed by 85.3%. 89.4% consider that Israel is responsible for the continuity of the refugees problem, because it refuses to implement UN resolution 194. About 91.9% refused the idea of going to their original towns and getting an Israeli citizenship. Nearly 87.2% said that the years they lived in the camps did not affect their adherence to the right of return. The results showed that about 90.5% of the interviewees consider the right of return as fixed, undeniable, and cannot be forfeited with the lapse of time. About 97.0% of the interviewees expressed strong adherence to their right to return to their towns in historic Palestine, because they represent to them the land, home and identity. About 94.7% of the interviewees approved that the right of return to historic Palestine is for all Palestinian refugees and their offspring, while 82.8% of the interviewees opposed to confine the application of the right of return to the return of a few thousands refugees to their homes,and the resettlement and compensation of the remaining majority. The conclusions above led the researcher to make some recommendations which include: - The international community should consider the refugees problem as a political issue in the first place, and entails rights guarantee by international law.- The Palestinian leadership should adhere to the right of return and treat it as an inalienable, sacred right in line with attitudes of the refugees, international law, and UN resolutions which protect this right. -The refugees should be supported in their rejection of resettlement, compensation and other alternatives to the right of return. -The Palestinian leadership, UNRWA and all other bodies concerned with refugees should improve the social and economic conditions of the refugees, and support their steadfastness, instead of working on resettling them. - Much work should be done to increase the refugees awareness and knowledge of the right of return.