توظيف التاريخ في روايات أحمد رفيق عوض
حسن ماجد قطوسة
Hassan Majed Mahmod Qtosa
This study aimed to discuss how the writer Ahmad Rafiq Awad used history in the literary novel. The study conducted an analytical and technical study of Awad’s novels which were relevant to history and introduced a clear perception about Awad’ sinter estin this subject and its effect on the Palestinian culture and narrative discourse. The study addressed the concept of the historical novel in the modern times and its chronological development over the time. It also addressed Awad’s unique outlook of history, the historical icons whom he used as well as the historical space in the texts of his novels. The technical study showed many technical aspects in the narrative elements in Awad’s novels in a realistic and objective language. The results showed that history and novel are dissimilar in both narrative and composition of the text; however, they are concurrent in terms of events and characters. When Awad searched for the causes of defeat at all levels, he wrote about near and far history in an attempt to interpret the present by means of the past since the narrative can be viewed from both historical and literary perspectives. Awad used various literary narrative techniques that were based on history. In fact, his narrative methods were subjected to the settings featured in the narrative text. Finally, the study recommends for further pertinent studies to reveal in detail the role of Awad who is a prominent name among the Palestinian writers, and also show the aesthetic secrets in his linguistic style and the dominance of the past on the present.