التعرف على مستويات العنف السياسي لدى المراهقين في غزة Effects of Political Violence on Mental Health of Adolescence in The Gaza Governorates

Date
2008-05-27
Authors
أحمد محمد حسن الكحلوت
Ahmad Mohammad Hassan El-Kahlout
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
AL-Quds University
جامعة القدس
Abstract
The aim of the study is to investigate levels of political violence that adolescence encountered in Gaza governorates and their effects on the mental health. The researcher defined two types of political violence: 1) Israel violence: acts of violence committed by Israel against the Palestinian people. 2) Factional fighting: acts of violence committed by two Palestinian political factions; Palestinian National Liberation Movement (Fatah) and Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) against each others. A stratified cluster random sample survey of 394 adolescents; (51.5% males 49.5% females) aged between 15-18 years were assessed. The researcher used descriptive analytical design to represent the entire sample of the population. However, the researcher used some of modified scales from which; Gaza traumatic events checklist for Israelis violence, Gaza traumatic events checklist for factional fighting, the revised children‘s manifest anxiety scale (RCMAS), child depression inventory (CDI), UCLA PTSD Index for DSM IV. The major findings were: the most common traumatic events due to Israel violence revealed by children was "watching mutilated bodies in TV" by 90.4%, the most common traumatic events due to factional fighting was "hearing the shootings and bombardment due to fighting in the streets" by 87.1%. The prevalence of severe Israel violence events was 23.6%. Theprevalence of severe factional fighting events was 22.1%. There were a significant association between Israel violence and factional fighting. The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and PTSD were 20.8%, 31.0%, 12.7% consecutively. There were positive significant correlation between anxiety, PTSD, depression and political violence. There were no significant differences between the means Israel Violence levels and factional fighting levels according to the educational classes, type of residence, number of sibling,mothers education, fathers education, mothers work, fathers work. The study found significant differences between the means of Israel violence according to monthly income, however, the results shown no significant differences between the means of factional fighting according to the monthly income. The study found significant differences in anxiety levels according to sex , but there were no significant differences in PTSD and depression levels according to sex. There were significant differences between the means of anxiety, PTSD, and depression levels according to the educational classes (10th class, 11th class, and 12th class). The study found significant differences between the means of anxiety levels according to type of residence, however, the results showed that there were no significant differences between the means of PTSD and depression levels according to type of residence. The study found significant differences between the means of anxiety, PTSD, and depression levels according to fathers education. But there were no significant differences between the means of anxiety, PTSD, and depression levels according to number of siblings, mothers education, mothers work, and fathers work. The study found significant differences between the means of anxiety, PTSD and depression levels according to Israel violence and factional fighting levels.
Description
Keywords
الصحة النفسية المجتمعية, Community Mental Health
Citation