العلاقة بين مفهوم الذات ومفهوم الموت لدى طلاب مدارس مدینتي ا رم الله والبيرة
تسنيم محمد علي عامر
Tasneem Mohammad Ali Amer
This study aimed to identify the relationship between self-concept and perception of death, for students in schools of Ramallah and Al-Bireh cities. As well as to identify the association between some variables and their relationship with self-concept and perception of death. The population of the study represented students in the schools of Ramallah and Al-Bireh cities whose ages were between (9-16) years during the year 2018-2019 with total of 12370 students. 319 students were collected using available sample. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used the descriptive approach as she used a questionnaire to collect data, it consists of three sections: Demographic Information, Casey's Death Concept Scale (1997) and Pierce Hairs Self Concept Scale (1982). The results of the study showed that the level of self-concept was positive with a rate of 55%. In addition, the results showed that 63% of the students were aware of the concept of death in general and that they were able to recognize all of the concepts of death, where the percentage of response ranged between (52% - 80.3%). The results indicated a positive correlation between self-concept and the perception of death among the students. also The results of the study showed that there were statistically significant differences at the level (α ≤ 0.05) between the self-concept and some variables of the study. It was found that there were differences according to the variable of the father's education level in favor of the fathers who holds (preparatory / secondary) education, and the mother's educational level in favor of the mother with a higher academic qualification, where the degree of self-concept was more positive. And the existence of differences depending on the variables place of residence for the benefit of students who lives in the village, age for the age group 13-15 years, sex for the favor of females, and for those students who go to the public schools, where their self-concept was more positive. Students who have married parents have self-concepts that are more positive. The results of the study indicated that there are statistically significant differences between the perception of death and some study variables at the level of significance (α ≤ 0.05) depending on the father's educational level in favor of the father who holds (preparatory / secondary) education. The results showed that the perception of the concept of death was better, as that perceptions of death was more realistic for students who live in the village, better for students aged 13-15, and students who have one of their parents dead, had a better perception of death. The researcher recommended a set of recommendations for the benefit of future Researchers, psychologists, and decision-makers at the official government level and private institutions. The most important was to increase attention to the subjects of self-concept and death concept among children. It is essential to provide a supportive and stimulating environment for self-understanding and discovery to ensure that it promotes the positive self-concept in all dimensions. Further studies are needed to be studied.