Breaking the Silence: Experiencing and Witnessing Sexual Harassment at UNRWA Schools in Bethlehem City, Palestine Ghrayeb, Farid A.W. Alwawi, Abdallah Rasheed, Osaid Qraqra, Dua abu-hussein, Malik Nimer, Azam 2018-09-22T08:58:27Z 2018-09-22T08:58:27Z 2016-01-03
dc.description.abstract Sexual harassment is a pervasive problem affecting nearly half of all students over the course of their academic lives. Far less is known about the past experience and witness of students being subjected to Sexual harassment. The aim of the study was to assess the student’s past witness and experience with different forms of sexual harassment at UNRWA schools in Bethlehem city. A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. Four UNRWA schools (two males and two female schools) were selected randomly from Bethlehem City. A sample of 241 students from 7 through 9 grade at the four schools th th were included in the study. The study tool was a pre-designed questionnaire containing questions on past exposure to 19 items and witness to 25 items covering three forms of sexual harassment (physical, verbal and visual). Results revealed that, the vast majority of middle school students are both SH targets and witnesses, where the most frequent type of SH was visual/verbal SH, followed by physical SH. The results also indicated a significant association between gender of the participant and SH. Witnessing and experiencing SH has a negative impact on school aged children’s physical, social, cognitive and emotional development. Students who have been exposed to SH need to be helped to go over the abuse and empowered with safety plans to take when they next encounter similar situations. The study calls for holding anti- harassment awareness campaigns to raise the awareness of students on sexual harassment in Palestine. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The authors of this paper would like to thank the Faculty of Health Professions and the Department of Nursing, Al Quds University. As well as, the authors would like to thank both the all participants of this study and UNRWA education authorities as well UNRWA schools’ administrations for their assistance during this study. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1817-3055
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher IDOSI Publications en_US
dc.subject Sexual harassment en_US
dc.subject Witnessing en_US
dc.subject Middle school en_US
dc.subject Palestine en_US
dc.title Breaking the Silence: Experiencing and Witnessing Sexual Harassment at UNRWA Schools in Bethlehem City, Palestine en_US
dc.type Article en_US
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