Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-nation Study

dc.contributor.authorEskin, Mehmet
dc.contributor.authorSun, Jian-Min
dc.contributor.authorAbuidhail, Jamila
dc.contributor.authorYoshimasu, Kouichi
dc.contributor.authorKujan, Omar
dc.contributor.authorJanghorbani, Mohsen
dc.contributor.authorFlood, Chris
dc.contributor.authorCarta, Mauro Giovanni
dc.contributor.authorTran, Ulrich S.
dc.contributor.authorMechri, Anwar
dc.contributor.authorHamdan, Motasem
dc.contributor.authorPoyrazli, Senel
dc.contributor.authorAidoudi, Khouala
dc.contributor.authorBakhshi, Seifollah
dc.contributor.authorHarlak, Hacer
dc.contributor.authorMoro, Maria Francesca
dc.contributor.authorNawafleh, Hani
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Louise
dc.contributor.authorShaheen, Amira
dc.contributor.authorTaifour, Shahama
dc.contributor.authorTsuno, Kanami
dc.contributor.authorVoracek, Martin
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the prevalence of suicidal behavior and psychological distress in university students across 12 nations. A total of 5,572 university students from 12 countries were surveyed about suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and psychological distress by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Almost 29% of the samples reported having contemplated suicide and 7% reported attempting suicide. Of the total sample, 51.1% scored above the General Health Questionnaire-12 3 cut-off points, 41.6% above the GHQ-12 4 cut-off points, and 33.8% scored above the GHQ-12 5 cut-off points. While odds of suicide ideation were elevated in Austria and the UK, reduced ORs were detected for China, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey. Similarly, while odds of suicide attempt were high in Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and to some extent in Turkey, reduced ORs were observed for Austria, China, Italy, Japan and the United States. Elevated ORs for psychological distress were seen in Japan, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey but reduced ORs were noted in Austria, China, Iran, Italy, and the United States. Psychological distress was strongly associated with reports of suicide ideation and attempts. Suicide ideation, suicide attempt, and psychological distress are common in university students but their rates vary depending on the sociocultural context. Due attention should be devoted to the mental health needs of young adults enrolled in higher educational institutions and more cross-cultural research is warranted to better understand the etiology of the observed intersocietal variations in suicidal behavior and psychological distress.en_US
dc.identifier.citationMehmet Eskin, Jian-Min Sun, Jamila Abuidhail, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Omar Kujan, Mohsen Janghorbani, Chris Flood, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ulrich S. Tran, Anwar Mechri, Motasem Hamdan, Senel Poyrazli, Khouala Aidoudi, Seifollah Bakhshi, Hacer Harlak, Maria Francesca Moro, Hani Nawafleh, Louise Phillips, Amira Shaheen, Shahama Taifour, Kanami Tsuno & Martin Voracek (2016): Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-nation Study, Archives of Suicide Research, DOI: 10.1080/13811118.2015.1054055en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.subjectcross-cultural comparisonsen_US
dc.subjectpsychological distressen_US
dc.subjectsuicide attempten_US
dc.subjectsuicide ideationen_US
dc.titleSuicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-nation Studyen_US
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