Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-nation Study Eskin, Mehmet Sun, Jian-Min Abuidhail, Jamila Yoshimasu, Kouichi Kujan, Omar Janghorbani, Mohsen Flood, Chris Carta, Mauro Giovanni Tran, Ulrich S. Mechri, Anwar Hamdan, Motasem Poyrazli, Senel Aidoudi, Khouala Bakhshi, Seifollah Harlak, Hacer Moro, Maria Francesca Nawafleh, Hani Phillips, Louise Shaheen, Amira Taifour, Shahama Tsuno, Kanami Voracek, Martin 2019-01-30T09:16:37Z 2019-01-30T09:16:37Z 2016-03-08
dc.description.abstract This study investigated the prevalence of suicidal behavior and psychological distress in university students across 12 nations. A total of 5,572 university students from 12 countries were surveyed about suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and psychological distress by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Almost 29% of the samples reported having contemplated suicide and 7% reported attempting suicide. Of the total sample, 51.1% scored above the General Health Questionnaire-12 3 cut-off points, 41.6% above the GHQ-12 4 cut-off points, and 33.8% scored above the GHQ-12 5 cut-off points. While odds of suicide ideation were elevated in Austria and the UK, reduced ORs were detected for China, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey. Similarly, while odds of suicide attempt were high in Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and to some extent in Turkey, reduced ORs were observed for Austria, China, Italy, Japan and the United States. Elevated ORs for psychological distress were seen in Japan, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey but reduced ORs were noted in Austria, China, Iran, Italy, and the United States. Psychological distress was strongly associated with reports of suicide ideation and attempts. Suicide ideation, suicide attempt, and psychological distress are common in university students but their rates vary depending on the sociocultural context. Due attention should be devoted to the mental health needs of young adults enrolled in higher educational institutions and more cross-cultural research is warranted to better understand the etiology of the observed intersocietal variations in suicidal behavior and psychological distress. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Mehmet Eskin, Jian-Min Sun, Jamila Abuidhail, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Omar Kujan, Mohsen Janghorbani, Chris Flood, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ulrich S. Tran, Anwar Mechri, Motasem Hamdan, Senel Poyrazli, Khouala Aidoudi, Seifollah Bakhshi, Hacer Harlak, Maria Francesca Moro, Hani Nawafleh, Louise Phillips, Amira Shaheen, Shahama Taifour, Kanami Tsuno & Martin Voracek (2016): Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-nation Study, Archives of Suicide Research, DOI: 10.1080/13811118.2015.1054055 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1543-6136
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis en_US
dc.subject cross-cultural comparisons en_US
dc.subject psychological distress en_US
dc.subject suicide attempt en_US
dc.subject suicide ideation en_US
dc.title Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-nation Study en_US
dc.type Article en_US
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