دوافع استراتيجية إبن خلدون المفضله للبداوة والعصبية تحقيقا للتغلب فنشوء الدولة مع الرئاسة / دراسة ونقد وتحليل
حسين محمد حسين حسن جاموس
Hussain Mohammad Jamous
The Scene Time and Social Scope of the study: I adopted in the study, my personal approach supported by the available various analytical and critique studies, on Ibn Khaldun’s methodology in writing al-Muqaddama, at the University library, local bookstores and the Internet. The study covered two academic terms, six hours a day seeking assistance from my supervisor Dr. Sari Nussaibeh, with the available material studies by critics. My purpose of the study was to define the effect of the catastrophic disasters, and personal hardships that faced Ibn Khaldun, and how they affected the writings of his al-Muqaddama, and the analysis of four major factors i.e. bandouinism, civilization, tribalism and Arab. I traced his life and writings in his autobiography. I then made an analysis to various stages of his life and the encounters he faced to assess their psychological effect on his writing the ‘Introduction’, al-Muqaddama, and I put forward the basic elements and the orientations that shaped the philosophy Ibn Khaldun adopted in his book, which helped me in clearing the ambiguities, and reach solutions to these ambiguities. The philosophy and the motives behind the study The philosophy and the motivation behind the study is to make an unprecedented new approach in reading al-Muqaddama through Ibn Khaldun’s biography, and amalgamate and fuse his personal life in the general context of the book, to grasp their direct influence on his production. The methodology of the study: I focused on two books of Ibn Khaldun: al-T‘areif bi Ibn Khaldun wa ri‘hlatihi Sarqan wa Gharban’, which is Ibn Khaldun’s autobiography, and al-Muqaddama proper. The comprehensive examination of these two books put forward certain questions: Do the principles of sociology, family association, amalgamation of tribalism into nations, and the establishment of states and monarchism have special effects in the formation of Ibn Khaldun’s personal way of life, praising badouins and vilifying Arabs wherever he gets the opportunity throughout his book? To find answers to these queries, I divided my study into two main volumes: the first is dedicated to Ibn Khaldun biography subdividing the study into chapters, the second volume is dedicated to al-Muqaddama proper, concentrating on the four categories related to the study, which I also fragmented into chapters. Conclusion and Recommendations The structure of al-Muqaddama is fundamentally influenced by Ibn Khaldun’s attitude and system he adopted throughout his career. The conceptions of Ibn Khaldun on badawa, ahl al-‘hadhar, and ‘asabiyyah could not be generalized to cover humanity, but it describes Ibn Khaldun’s period in human history, which conveyed the extinct heritage of that epoch of history. It is recommended that a comprehensive research be made in Ibn Khaldun’s career, and take it as basic foundation in assessing, analyzing, or critiquing the variant branches of science in the al-Muqaddama of Ibn Khaldun.