Breast Cancer Knowledge and Practice of Breast Self-Examination among Female Al-Quds University Students

Manal Al-Radayda
Mariam Khatib
Razan Rabaiaa
Hala Sabri
Asmaa Al-Deek
Ibrahim Ghannam
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Al-Quds University - Deanship of Scientific Research
Background: Among most nations throughout the world, breast cancer is the most frequently publicly detected malignancy in women. In order to increase women's awareness, and knowledge of their breast situation and aid in the early detection of any breast abnormalities, breast self-examination (BSE) is a beneficial screening technique. This is a study designed to evaluate the level of understanding of BC, and BSE among female university students. A self-administered questionnaire was employed to gauge knowledge of breast cancer and associated topics. The study involved 202 students, 32.8% of whom were from Health professions majors, and 14.9% among them had a history of breast cancer in their families. Nearly all of the students (98.5%) were already familiar with breast cancer, having learned about it from a variety of sources, including social media as a major source (91%), educational establishments (76.1%), and other sources. Good knowledge was found for some signs, symptoms (like a lump in the breast (94%)), and risk factors of breast cancer (like a family history of BC (88%)); however, average knowledge (59%) was found for techniques for early diagnosis and care, and the procedure for BSE and 49% know when to perform it, yet only 12.9% actually execute it on a regular basis. Not having breast issues was the most barrier to BSE practice (79.9%), followed by lack of knowledge (37.1%). To raise knowledge regarding BC and BCE use, a training program should be put into place.