Al-Quds Journal for Academic Research is a multidisciplinary, open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on all aspects of natural sciences, medical and biological sciences, humanities, arts and social sciences. In the first two years the journal will have three volumes annually, one specialized in humanities and social sciences, the second will be devoted to natural and biomedical sciences and the third will focus on engineering, technology and innovations. Al-Quds University for Academic Research is a peer reviewed scientific journal issued bi-annually by Al-Quds University, the Arab University in Jerusalem. The materials published in this journal is protected by copyright, dissemination in print or electronic is strictly prohibited without a permission from the Editor in Chief. The use of the journal's materials for educational purposes by students, scholars, universities and research institutions are permitted.