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- ItemIntegrated a GIS and Multi Criteria Evaluation Approach for Suitability Analysis of Urban Expansion in Southeastern Jerusalem Region- Palestine(Scientific & Academic publishing, 2016-05-01) Raddad, SamerAlthough cities cover only less than 1% of the land surface, 50% of world population are living in urban areas that include more than 70% of the economic activities and use 75% of the world resources. Population, economy, transportation, and policies factors are identified as the main factors that affect urban expansion and development, especially in developing countries. Political transformations and instability conditions are among the most important factors effecting social, economic, and environmental aspects in the world especially in the countries and regions witnessed wars and political problems. In Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) the rapidly growing population, limited available decisions of policy makers, and political instability played a main role in the Palestinian urban expansion and development. Therefore, this study aims to define the most suitable area that should be developed in the Southeastern Jerusalem Region (SERJ) living under political instability conditions. Integrated the Geographical Information System (GIS) with Multi-Criteria Evaluation approach (MCE) Conducted to find the potential areas to be considered as urban development areas in the region. The modeling and analysis indicates four suitable classes and areas: highly suitable, highly moderate, suitable, and low suitable. Suitability map of urban expansion and development shows 77% of the study area consists of low suitable areas that are distributed in north and east of SERJ. The Palestinian urban policy makers need to pay more attention to urban development and expansion in the Southeastern Jerusalem Region because these areas are so close to the Jerusalem city in the west, and it is the last pass-point in the west bank between the north and the south. Policy makers, urban planners, urban mangers, and people need to show more awareness towards the sustainability urban planning issues, especially during political instability stages. Principles of urban smart growth will be useful ideas for promoting the sustainability in the Palestinian urban environments.
- Itemدور نظم المعلومات الجغرافية في التنمية المستدامة في بلديات الضفة الغربية(Al-Quds University, 2021-06-10) فادي جهاد محمود عمرو; fadi jehad mahmoud amroMunicipalities in West Bank work on applying services that fulfill people’s need. To achieve this goal municipalities became aware of the importance of GIS. Many sections and departments have been held for this purpose. Although many financial support has been provided to improve GIS, it still needs to be improved. The aim of the study is to enhance the efficiency of Geographical Information System (GIS) within the municipalities environment in Palestine through evaluating the extent of (GIS) maturity as well as measuring its effect on the municipalities performance to achieve a sustainable development. The study provided recommendation through developing a strategic model that would contribute in improving municipalities performance to achieve sustainable development in Palestine using (GIS). An analytical descriptive method has been conducted collecting data through a questionnaire distributed to a purposeful sample that has been chosen from the study society of a (54) municipality that has a GIS section, department or employee in addition to Interviews and observation. SPSS has been used to analyze data. Results showed that the level of (GIS) maturity is low (48%). The level of the municipalities ability to apply GIS is moderate (56%) whereas the level of empowering the ability of GIS is low (41.6%). The ability to achieve sustainable development is moderate and to achieve it, the municipalities have to: first: develop strategies. Second: develop a vision and goals. The results also showed that there is a positive significant effect of GIS maturity and sustainable development of 10%: 3.33% respectively. The study recommended: to regulate legislations that enforce law makers to adopt the outputs of GIS. Raise the awareness of law makers about the importance of GIS in analyzing and supporting decision making. Building a central database by the Ministry of Local Government that can be accessed and updated by municipalities.