The Implication of Supremacy of Superpowers over International Law and Human Rights Treaties
Al Balawi, Taqwa
Al-Quds University, Deanship of Scientific Research
The imbalance in the international balance of power and the unipolar world has affected the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and has affected the application of international law with respect to the issue of settlement. The mechanisms of applying international law are no longer viable in exchange for the dominance of some states. The United States of America, as a super power in the United Nations (UN) bodies, affects all the resolutions against Israeli settlements. This is a result of the strong relationship between America and Israel. Therefore, America uses its power to achieve Israel’s interests even if this violates the international laws. Although the establishment of the settlements is contrary to the international laws (the Hague Convention, the Geneva Accord, the Rome statues), there is ongoing expansion of settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. This study focused on how the role of United States of America, as a super power in the (UN) bodies, affects all the resolutions against Israeli settlements, depending on the American Israeli relationship. This relationship affects other United States interests in the Middle East. It sheds light on the nature of this relationship and explains the interference of mutual interest for both countries. Although there are no mechanisms for applying international laws, the peaceful popular resistance and the mobilization of public opinion and international public opinion are the best way to demand the rights of Palestinians. This forms a great support for the Palestinian cause, through pressure on states and UN bodies to take serious measures and create a more suitable environment for peace. Therefore, the continuation of work in international forums and bringing more decisions in favor of the Palestinian cause, even if not implemented, will constitute a pressure on countries and America to take action on Palestinian issues and establish an independent state on the 1967 borders, and work to end the Israeli settlement.