The Relationship between Learning Organization and Organizational Survival in Non-Governmental Organizations in the Gaza Strip

Mohammed Fadel Khaled Ashour
محمد فضل خالد عاشور
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Al-Quds University
The uncertainty and different challenges in the world today have made it difficult for the Non-governmental organizations to respond fast to the unexpected and change environment. Only those organizations that can adapt to these fast changes have a chance of survival because these changes force the organization to pursue best practices to achieve success. This study aims to assess the relationship between learning organization and organizational survival at Patient's Friends' Benevolent Society in the Gaza Strip. The design of this study is an analytical descriptive study through quantitative data. It is a census survey, where the sample includes all healthcare providers at the Patient's Friends Benevolent Society, the total numbers of the respondent are 150. A self-report structure questionnaire was used in this study. To measure the validity of the instrument, the questionnaire was submitted to a group of expert persons to evaluate the face and content validity, and internal consistency was done. To measure the reliability of the instrument, the researcher used the Cronbach alpha coefficient. The values of Cronbach's Alpha were in the range of 0.848 and 0.925, which indicates good reliability of the entire questionnaire. The result of the correlation analysis showed that there is a positive significant relationship between learning organization dimensions and organizational survival domains, and the result of the regression showed that learning organization has a significant effect on organizational survival (R Square of 0.736, p-value=0.000). The results revealed that the learning organization's dimensions and organizational survival domains in Patients Friends Benevolent Society are profitable to a moderate degree with weight-mean 59.60% and 57.40% respectively. The results of multivariate analysis showed there is a relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and learning organization and organizational survival toward educational level (F = 3.409, P = 0.029), years of services (F = 3.656, P = 0.014), specializations (F = 2.317, P = 0.037), and the training courses (T =2.386, P =0.019). The study concluded that adopting the learning organization helps the organization to be innovative, adaptive, and encourages employee empowerment which increases the chance of survival. The availability degree of the learning organization dimensions and organizational survival domains reflect there is a negative indicator and need more attention from decision-makers. The study recommends the Non-Governmental Organizations to adopt the learning organization approach to obtain diverse strategies that enhancing their survival. Also, the study recommends the Patient's Friends Benevolent Society to implement training and educational programs for employees that are concerned with the steps, methods, and skills that enable them to reach the learning organization approach to increase the chance of organizational survival.