(Al-Quds university, 2021-05-06) مصطفى عبد القادر نجيب; Mustafa Abdelqader Najeeb
The study aimed to shed light on the concept of school punishment, and to clarify the view of sharia on punishment, as well as the view of educational scholars and their views on school punishment.
And this motivated me to choose this study, for reasons including: getting acquainted with the vision of Islamic law and its view of school punishment, and the way in which the Prophet Mohammad dealt with punishment and the alternatives that he established, And comparing the opinions of Muslim and Western scholars on punishment.
To bring this research to light, I have adopted each of the following approaches: descriptive, historical, and analytical; In gathering information from its sources, comparing it, studying it, and then analyzing its content to reach the desired results.
The study reached several results, the most important of which are:
1. In applying Sharia punishments, sharia aimed at reforming and refining the individual and establishing a just order; To achieve justice in the world.
2. Punishment is not limited to one form, but has multiple forms, including: physical and social. It does not depend on one method, but has multiple methods, including: exclusion, exclusion and deprivation. The Prophet mohamad used alternatives to
punishment, including: advice, guidance, desertion, turn away, and threats.
3. sharia permits the use of punishment; To deter the learner; But it indicated the controls for using the punishment tool, its specifications, and the method of use.
4. Muslim educators permit the use of punishment while avoiding cruelty in that. As for Western education scholars, they argue that physical punishment should not be used, or that the teacher resort to force to preserve order.
Based on the results of the study, the researcher recommends that parents should observe their children, take care of them, and watch after them, whether in school or in their personal lives, and the teacher should be patient with the learners, and avoid using punishment except in the need of the needy.