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dc.contributor.authorKaraman, Rafik
dc.contributor.authorKhamis, Mustafa
dc.contributor.authorAbbadi, Jehad
dc.contributor.authorAmro, Ahmad
dc.contributor.authorQurie, Mohannad
dc.contributor.authorAyyad, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorAyyash, Fatima
dc.contributor.authorHamarsheh, Omar
dc.contributor.authorYaqmour, Reem
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-04T09:25:15Z
dc.date.available2018-09-04T09:25:15Z
dc.date.issued2016-03-07
dc.identifier.citationRafik Karaman, Mustafa Khamis, Jehad Abbadi, Ahmad Amro, Mohannad Qurie, Ibrahim Ayyad, Fatima Ayyash, Omar Hamarsheh, Reem Yaqmour, Shlomo Nir, Sabino A. Bufo, Laura Scrano, Sofia Lerman, Shirra Gur-Reznik & Carlos G. Dosoretz (2016): Paracetamol biodegradationby activated sludge and photo-catalysis and its removal by a micelle-clay complex, activated charcoal and reverse osmosis membranes, Environmental Technologyen_US
dc.identifier.issn1479-487X
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.alquds.edu/handle/20.500.12213/826
dc.description.abstractKinetic studies on the stability of the pain killer paracetamol in Al-Quds activated sludge demonstrated that paracetamol underwent biodegradation within less than one month to furnish p-aminophenol in high yields. Characterizations of bacteria contained in Al-Quds sludge were accomplished. It was found that Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the bacterium most responsible for the biodegradation of paracetamol to p-aminophenol and hydroquinone. Batch adsorptions of paracetamol and its biodegradation product (p-aminophenol) by activated charcoal and a composite micelle (octadecyltrimethylammonium)-clay (montmorillonite) were determined at 25°C. Adsorption was adequately described by a Langmuir isotherm, and indicated better efficiency of removal by the micelle-clay complex. The ability of bench top reverse osmosis (RO) plant as well as advanced membrane pilot plant to remove paracetamol was also studied at different water matrixes to test the effect of organic matter composition. The results showed that at least 90% rejection was obtained by both plants. In addition, removal of paracetamol from RO brine was investigated by using photocatalytic processes; optimal conditions were found to be acidic or basic pH, in which paracetamol degraded in less than 5 min. Toxicity studies indicated that the effluent and brine were not toxic except for using extra low energy membrane which displayed a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC-50) value of 80%.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.subjectAl-Quds Sludgeen_US
dc.subjectbiodegradationen_US
dc.subjectparacetamolen_US
dc.subjectmicelle- clay complexen_US
dc.subjectremoval of pharmaceuticalsen_US
dc.subjectactivated charcoalen_US
dc.subjectmembrane technologyen_US
dc.subjecttoxicityen_US
dc.subjectadvanced oxidation techniquesen_US
dc.titleParacetamol biodegradation by activated sludge and photo-catalysis and its removal by a micelleclay complex, activated charcoal and reverse osmosis membranesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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