AQU researchers publications

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    Excellence in the Financial Purposes of the Leader’s Objectives in the Control of Public Money; Revenues and Expenditures: ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb as a Model
    ( 2021-12-30) (Muhammad Ali), Muhammad Saleem Mustafa ; Assaf, Mohammad Mutleq Mohammad
    This Research reveals the bright image of the principles of good governance in the era of Caliph ʻUmar ibn al- Khaṭṭāb, may Allah be pleased with him. The Researcher sheds light on the excellence of Caliph Umar ibn AlKhattab in the financial purposes of management and control of public money (Bayt ul maal); Revenues and Expenditures. Caliph ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb established Bayt ul Maal and directly supervised its revenues and expenditures. The research also reveals unique excellence in his financial policy . The Researcher used the historical, descriptive, inductive, deductive and analytical approach, and came out with a set of results and recommendations.
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    Prolonged Exposure to Violence: Psychiatric Symptoms and Suicide Risk Among College Students in the Palestinian Territory
    ( 2021-11-01) Hamdan, Sami ; Hallaq, Eyad
    Objective: Little is known about the risk for suicide in those exposed to prolonged political and domes- tic violence. Thus, this study aims to explore suicidal ideation and attempts in a community sample of Palestinian students and identify the extent to which clinical variables are associated with suicidal idea- tion. Method: A cross-sectional design was utilized in this study, and 303 college and university stu- dents aged 18 to 23 from seven campuses in the Palestinian territory voluntarily and anonymously completed self-report questionnaires that assessed 12 months of suicidal ideation and attempts, posttrau- matic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, anxiety, and sleep problems. Results: The results showed high rates of suicidal ideation and attempts within the last 12 months. Severe symptoms of PTSS, depression, and sleep problems were reported compared with other college samples. An exploratory path analysis showed that PTSS is directly associated with suicidal ideation and indirectly by its associa- tion with sleep problems and depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The results highlight the elevated men- tal health difficulties of students living under prolonged exposure to violence and could be helpful to policy and decision-makers in health care and academic institutions in implementing and design inter- ventions aim to reduce depression and PTSS. Screening for PTSS and depression is a vital first step in suicide prevention efforts in college students exposed to trauma. Future studies should assess the types of traumatic stress exposure and health risk behaviors to offer a more in-depth view.
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    Refugee Oral Health: A Global Survey of Current Policies and Practices
    (Springer, 2021-10-17) Kateeb, Elham ; Sintes, Marc ; Sean, Taylor
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    Reproductive factors and breast cancer risk in Palestine: A case control study
    ( 2021-09-02) El Sharif, Nuha ; Khatib, Imtithal
    Background: Early age at menarche, late age at menopause, and late age at first full-term pregnancy are linked to a modest increase in the risk of developing breast cancer (breast ca). This study aims to investigate the repro- ductive determinants of breast cancer among women in the West Bank of Palestine. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data in a case-control study (237 registered cases and 237 con- trols). A multivariate analysis model was used to adjust for the association between women’s reproductive factors and breast ca risk. This study was approved by Al Quds University Ethical Research Committee and the Ministry of Health research unit. Results: In the multivariate analysis, menarche after 13 years of age, use of oral contraceptives for more than two months, and hormonal contraceptives use significantly doubled the risk for breast ca (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.03, 95 % CI: 1.21–4.37, p < 0.011 and AOR = 2.2, 95 % CI: 1.24–4.01, p = 0.008, respectively). Women who used hormone replacement therapy (HRT) were significantly associated with higher odds (5 folds) of having breast ca versus those who did not use them (AOR 5.02, 95 % CI: 1.93–13.06, p = 0.001). Similarly, nulliparous women showed 6 times the odds of breast ca compared with women with one or more children (p = 0.005). Also, parental consanguinity marriage (AOR 2.59, 95 % CI: 1.53–4.36, p = 0.001) and positive family history (AOR 3.88, 95 % CI: 2.19–6.87, p = 0.001) of the condition can be strong determinants for breast ca in this study. Conclusion: This study provides clear evidence that the use of reproductive hormones, whether as a birth control tool or for therapeutic purposes, must be rationalized worldwide and in Palestine in particular.
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    Thoracoscopic lymphadenectomy via uniportal approach
    ( 2021-11-30) Al-Qtishat, Bayan Fathi ; Idais, Shahd Tahseen ; Abu Akar, Firas
    Performing a radical lymphadenectomy is an obligation for a complete resection in non-small cell lung cancer. Mediastinal lymphadenectomy is indicated whenever a diagnosis of lymphadenopathy is not possible via imaging techniques. With the uprising use of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy and the accumulating literature of its safety and efficacy compared to multiportal approach, thoracoscopic lymphadenectomy via uniportal approach is a common terminology to come across. The use of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy lymphadenectomy offers a lower complication rate, postoperative paresthesia, and pain when compared to the multiportal approach. With a reported higher tolerability, efficiency, safety, and better cosmetic outcome; it is more appealing to the patients. Though it is becoming easier to perform with experience, it is still a complicated procedure with many challenges. These challenges can be related to implementing the technique itself, or due to its linkage to the development of the instruments industry and the overall high cost of the procedure. In this review, we walk you through the history of the approach from the idea to todays’ form of video-assisted thoracoscopy, mediastinal lymphadenectomy via uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy indications, contraindications, and outcomes; an extensive explanation of the lymph node dissection technique with specific considerations for each lymph node station. The article is supplemented with an anatomical overview of the mediastinal lymph nodes; supported by videos of the technique for a better visual review and learning experience, ending with extra challenges faced in implementing the technique in developing countries.