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dc.contributor.authorAbbasi, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorWebster, Bonnie L.
dc.contributor.authorKing, Charles H.
dc.contributor.authorRollinson, David
dc.contributor.authorHamburger, Joseph
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-09T09:44:10Z
dc.date.available2019-12-09T09:44:10Z
dc.date.issued2017-08-01
dc.identifier.citationAbbasi, I., Webster, B.L., King, C.H. et al. The substructure of three repetitive DNA regions of Schistosoma haematobium group species as a potential marker for species recognition and interbreeding detection. Parasites Vectors 10, 364 (2017) doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2281-7en_US
dc.identifier.issn1756-3305
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.alquds.edu/handle/20.500.12213/4996
dc.description.abstractBackground: Schistosoma haematobium is the causative agent of human urogenital schistosomiasis affecting ~112 million people in Africa and the Middle East. The parasite is transmitted by snails of the genus Bulinus, which also transmit other closely related human and animal schistosomes. The accurate discrimination of S. haematobium from species infecting animals will aid effective control and elimination programs. Previously we have shown the utility of different repetitive nuclear DNA sequences (DraI, sh73bp, and sh77bp) for the identification of S. haematobiumgroup species and inter-repeat sequences for discriminating S. haematobium from S. bovis. Results: In this current study we clarify the structural arrangement and association between the three repetitive sequences (DraI, sh73bp, and sh77bp) in both S. haematobium and S. bovis, with a unique repeat linker being found in S. haematobium (Sh64bp repeat linker) and in S. bovis (Sb30bp repeat linker). Sequence data showed that the 3′- end of the repeat linker was connected to the DraI repetitive sequence array, and at the 5′-end of the repeat linker sh73bp and sh77bp were arranged in an alternating manner. Species-specific oligonucleotides were designed targeting the species-specific repeat linkers and used in a reverse line blot (RLB) hybridization assay enabling differentiation between S. haematobium and S. bovis. The assay was used to discriminate natural infections in wild caught Bulinus globosus. Conclusion: This research enabled the characterisation of species-specific DNA regions that enabled the design of species-specific oligonucleotides that can be used to rapidly differentiate between S. haematobium and S. bovis and also have the potential to aid the detection of natural hybridization between these two species.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by National Institutes of Health Research Grants R01TW008067 and R21AI076672 funded by the Fogarty International Center and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBMCen_US
dc.subjectSchistosoma haematobiumen_US
dc.subjectSchistosoma bovisen_US
dc.subjectHybridisationen_US
dc.subjectDraIen_US
dc.subjectInter-repeat linkersen_US
dc.subjectReverse line blot (RLB)en_US
dc.titleThe substructure of three repetitive DNA regions of Schistosoma haematobium group species as a potential marker for species recognition and interbreeding detectionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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