الجملة الاسمية في سورة النساء؛ (دراسة نحوية دلاليّة)
The Nominal Clause in Sura of Al-Nisaa', a Syntactical Semantic Study
نجوى حمدي توفيق شويكي
najwa hamdi tawfiq shweiki
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I took the Holy Quran as a field for this study,"the Nominal Clause in Sura of Al –Nisaa, a Syntactical Semantic Study. This study included three levels; First: the syntactical theoretical rooting of the study subject Second: practical application through induction of Holly Quran and extraction the nominal clause and their invalidatings. Third: showing the semantic of the lingual structure relating to the study; and I made my best efforts in doing that. The aim of the study is to highlight the miraculous semantic aspect of Quranic structure through investigating the nominal clause and its inductions and its phenomena. In this study, I depended on two methodologies; the descriptive and analytical. I sometimes used the statistical methodology .I followed up the nominal clause as mentioned by the grammarians. Then, I used the syntactical analysis of the models mentioned in the Holly Sura. I counted the nominal clause and its inductions in order to throw light on some of such semantics and the secrets of selection in the Quran expression. I reached a number of the results in the study, and I mention some of them. The nominal clause in the Quran expression is light through selecting the subject and predicate, selecting the inductions of the clause. The setting of precedence and delaying omission and mentioning, severalty of the predicate and its definition. Therefore, the Quran expression is different from the eloquent texts of its miraculous structure. So it remains succulent and fruitful teaching us the right or followed up style, revealing inductions and meaning that cannot be revealed or followed up by other texts. The study concluded that the clause is selected according to the position and purpose of speech ;and no other style is similar to the holy Quran at all selecting the subject either a proper noun, a pronoun or defined with "The", selecting the indefinite, a changed origin ,an interrogative article, a conditional noun, selecting the miraculous singular predicate ,and derived and non-derived predicate as a clause ,nominal or verbal and the predicate as a semi –clause ,from selecting each induction, in putting the Quranic word in the precedent position or delayed position, omition or mentioning reveality and definition of predicate and ever of her word in its holy right position added many marvelous and beautiful inductions and shadows. Searching for and deepening in the Quranic structure influenced me and made me become longing to know more and more of its eloquence and its miracle, and for recommend the interested persons and scholars to go in depth of this marvelous structure.