## العوامل المرتبطة بالسلوك الاتصالي الارشادي للزراع في محافظات جنوب غزة

identifying the factors that connected with the communicative extension behavior for the farmers in the southern governorates of Gaza Strip – Palestine

##### عرض/افتح

##### التاريخ

2005-04-26##### المؤلف

محمد خليل سليمان موسى

Mohammed Khaleel Suleiman Mousa

##### واصفات البيانات

عرض سجل المادة الكامل##### الخلاصة

This research has mainly aimed at identifying the factors that connected with the
communicative extension behavior for the farmers in the southern govern orates of
Gaza Strip – Palestine.
Generally, the research focuses on tow main objectives: 1- Recognizing the most important characteristics and traits of the farmers of in the southern governorates of Gaza strip.2- Studying the connecting relationships among the personal social, economic, communicative, psychological function of the farmers from one side, and their participation on the extension farming activities from the other side.This research includes five chapters. The first one is an introduction to the research problem, objectives and justifications. The second chapter presented the
theoretical framework. It has discussed some proceeded studies that have a connection with the research. The third chapter presented the study methodology which includes the terms of the study, the study geographical and human domains, the study universe and sample, the study variables, data collection tools, as well as, the used statistical
tools. The fourth chapter concerned with the research results and their discussion. Fin all the fifth chapter presented the study summary and recommendations. The research includes fifteen independent variables and the sequent one that is the dependent variable: communicative extension farming behavior for the farmer. The study was in conducted in Gaza Strip southern govern orates which are Rafah and Khan Younis. A complete random sample consists of 150 farmers representing 3.3% of the total farmers in the two govern orates based on the statistics of
Ministry of Agriculture for the year 2003. Questionnaire was used for collecting the study data from the sample farmers by using personal interview techniques. The data collection was taken place from June to September 2003.
Percentages, frequencies, Arithmetic Mean, Standard Deviation, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, Multiple and Partial Regression Analysis were used as statistical tools. The study has reached several important findings which can be summarized as
follows:
1- The research results clarify that the farmers, ages are among (25–60) years. The arithmetic mean is 49, 9 years; the standard deviation is eleven years.
2- The results clarify the numbers of the farmers' family members are among (1–15) individuals. The arithmetic mean is eight individuals, the standard
deviation is 4, 2 individuals.
3- The results clarify the sons of workers on farming are about (1–8) individuals.The arithmetic mean is 2, 3 individuals, the standard deviation is 1, 2 individuals.
4- The results clarify the educated sons of the farmers are about (0 – 15) individual. The standard deviation 2, 85 individuals, the arithmetic mean is 2, 9 individuals.
5- The research results clarify that the farmers have (1–7) acres, the arithmetic
mean is 3, 3 acres, and standard deviation is 1, 9 acres.
6- The results clarify that the farmer have (0 – 8) animals. The standard deviation
is 2, 4 animals, the arithmetic mean 2, 2 animals.
7- The results clarify that the farmers has (1-8) farming machines. The standard
deviation is 1, 3 machines, the arithmetic mean is 2, 8 machines.
8- The results clarify that the net yearly income is (5 – 50) thousands shekels. The standard deviation is 1040 shekels; the arithmetic mean is 15140 shekels.
9- The results clarify that the farmers' attitudes towards the extension work is 9.34
degrees. The standard deviation is 5, 8 degrees.
10- The results clarify that the farmers' attitudes towards the farming work is 39.1
degrees. The standard deviation is 4.9 degrees.
11- The results clarify that the arithmetic average of the farmers' attitudes
towards the other farmers is 30 degrees. The standard deviation is 3.3 degrees.
12- The results clarify that the number of the farmers' resources of the farming
information which the farmers communicates with is about (1–5) resources.
The standard deviation is 1.3 resources; the arithmetic mean is 3.8 resources.
13- The results clarify that the number of the farmers that apply the new farming
practices are seventy three farmers, the percentage is 87, 9%, while as the
farmers that not apply the new farming practices are ten farmers, the
percentage is 12.1%